Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA)

Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) is a comprehensive and integrated flagship programme of Government of India to attain Universal Elementary Education ( UEE) .

Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA)
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA)

Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) Scheme

India is a country where society subjects financially distressed people to be victims of discrimination in various fields. Education is one such factor that economically backward children cannot fetch.

Therefore, the government of India launched Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) to ensure that the underprivileged kids are no more left behind.

Important Facts about Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan for UPSC

SSA Full Form Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan Year of Launch 2001
Government Ministry Ministry of Human Resources and Development (MHRD)
Official Website

What Is Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA)?

Features of the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan Scheme

What Is the Aim of the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan?

Who Is Eligible for Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan Scheme?

Benefits of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan Scheme

A few important facts about SSA are mentioned in the list below:

  1. SSA is termed as an ‘Education for All’ movement
  2. The pioneer of the SSA programme was Atal Bihari Vajpayee, the Indian Former Prime Minister.
  3. The Central Government in partnership with State Governments is implementing this initiative.
  4. The initial aim of SSA was to meet its objectives by 2010, however, the timeline has been extended.
  5. SSA aims to provide educational infrastructure to around 193 million children in 1.1 million habitations.
  6. 86th Amendment Act to the Indian Constitution provided legal backing to SSA when it made education free and compulsory for children in the age group of 6-14.
  7. New Education Policy 2020 aims to bring about two crores out of school children into the mainstream.
  8. In the National Education Policy of 2019, it was mentioned that an estimated 6.2 crore children of school age (between 6 and 18 years) were out of school in 2015.
  9. Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat is a sub-programme of SSA.
  10. There is a government portal under the name ‘Shagun’ that has been launched to monitor the SSA programme. The World Bank in association with the Ministry of HRD developed it.

    SSA and District Primary Education Programme (DPEP)

    The District Primary Education Programme was launched in 1994 as a centrally-sponsored scheme to revitalize the primary education system. It was the first programme that aimed to universalize elementary education. DPEP had an area-specific approach with a district as a unit of planning.

    Some important points about DPEP are:

    1. 85 percent of the project cost was aided by the Central Government and 15 percent by the concerned State Government.
    2. This program covered 18 states
    3. International Organisations like the World Bank, UNICEF, etc, assisted the Central Government externally.