Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) 2022
Saansad (Sansad) Adarsh Gram Yojana [SAGY] 2021 List Of Adopted Villages [Objective And Ministry] UPSC
Developing the rural areas of the country is very important for the overall progress of the nation. Mahatma Gandhi, the Father of the Nation had a specific view that was going to develop the rural areas into ideal villages. Based on these guidelines, the present government has designed the Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana. Under the scheme, the government will be able to bring about social, cultural, and monetary development in the villages, which will be selected as the Adarsh Gram. All the aspects of the yojana will be based on the demands and the aspiration of the villagers. In this way, the government will be able to involve the local people of the villages and fulfill their requirements.
The main of the government is to bring about holistic development in the rural areas and to bring almost 2,500 villages under the scheme by the end of the ear 2019. Apart from everything, the scheme has been attracting the eyes of all as it has been laid down that each of the MPs will have to take up the responsibility of developing the condition of three rural areas.
Taking this step to include rural India and their welfare, PM Modi said, “Apart from his or her own village, MPs can select whichever village they want. The MP may belong to any party, but one has to keep working among people. MPs must adopt villages and work towards development. People in villages must have access to all basic amenities.”
Looking at the practicality too, this scheme should work. With 800 MPs responsible for 3 villages each, we will have at least 2400 villages that are touched. To raise the workman spirit Modi announced, “I too have to select a village in my constituency Varanasi. I have received the guidelines regarding this and I will go there, discuss and decide. I toured for 40 years, visited 400 districts, and got to see more than 5000 villages outside Gujarat, that is why I know the ground reality.”
This kind of scheme will induce a sense of belongingness for the rural youth and will encourage MPs to think out of the box to make the villages greener and more productive. This scheme can breed the best minds if implemented and done.
However, Modi had to select the villages in Varanasi but the UP BJP spokesperson has reported that PM seems to have postponed the visit. A fresh date is yet to be announced. We just hope he chooses a barren land that can bear fruit if given respect and care so that other MPs can be shown how it is done.
Objective Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana
The following are the objective of the implementation of this yojana
- Holistic development of the rural areas – Under the scheme, some of the villages will be selected and proper steps will be taken to develop the villages from root to tip. This will be started with the development and reformation of the Gram Panchayats. When the processes will be triggered, the scheme will be able to ensure that the villages are being developed in an overall or holistic manner.
- Developing both quality and standard of living in the villages – As the rate of development was not as fast in the villages as in the urban areas, the rural folks had to suffer from various kinds of hardships. With the implementation of the SAGY, the MPs, responsible for the development of the villages will ensure that the rural people are being provided with the facilities that will improve their living standards as well as their quality of life.
- Improving the state of affairs – The main aim of the yojana is to develop the villages as ideal rural areas. So, the authority will have to work towards developing the facilities in these areas. Increasing productivity, assisting in developing livelihood opportunities, enhancing human development, more social awareness and mobilization, and augmented social capital are also aspects of the scheme. Apart from these, the scheme will also look after the reducing disparities between classes and access to entitlements.
- Creating model rural governance platforms – Another objective of the scheme happens to be developing the foundation and functioning of the Panchayat of the selected rural areas. It will assist in enlightening the government authorities of the other villages, located close to the selected village. They will be able to adopt the same features in their function and start the journey towards being a modern and model village.
- Training centers for rural governments – Last but not least; the selected model villages will be governed as per the planned strategies for better governance. As these model villages function according to the planned steps, the other rural governing authorities (Panchayats) of other villages will be able to learn the tricks of the trade.
Launching this model program on the birth anniversary of Lok Nayak Jai Prakash Narayan, it’s Modi’s style of paying tribute to Yester year’s activists and leaders’ ideologies. Like Swacch Bharat Yojna on Gandhiji’s birth anniversary as cleanliness was close to Bapu. In the same way, Jai Prakash, coming from an upper-middle-class background, was a very well educated man and pursued higher studies in California. To pay for his education, Jayaprakash picked grapes, set them out to dry, packed fruits at a canning factory, washed dishes, worked as a mechanic at a garage and at a slaughter house, sold lotions, and taught. All these jobs gave Jayaprakash an insight into the difficulties of the working class. Once back in India, he was a freedom fighter who wanted the British out of India and a reformer after the British left. In tribute to his ideologies and dogma, looks like Modi was right in launching the Yojna on his birth anniversary.
- MPs taking responsibility for rural areas – As it has already been mentioned that this feature is unique and has never been tried before. Under the guidelines, each and every member of the Parliament will have to take responsibility for developing one village. The MP must not belong or have any connections to that village. The rural area must be developed within 2016 and then on, one village will have to be chosen by the MP for the reason, for the three consecutive years. The process will continue till 2024.
- Giving importance to rural location – As per the guidelines highlighted in the draft of the scheme, the villages must be picked from the rural constituencies. None of the villages must be picked, that fall in the urban or countryside areas.
- Separate economical plans for different villages – Not all villages can be governed as per the same strategies. It is all the more true in the economic aspects. Thus, each selected village will have different plans, which will assist in developing the financial foundation. These plans will be made for involving the poorest sections in the income sectors.
- Providing all-round development in all sections – Apart from providing the selected rural area with proper infrastructure, the plans will also bring about women empowerment, gender equality, community services, the dignity of people, cleanliness, peace, social justice, eco-friendliness, and harmony among all
- Providing shelter and sanitation services – One of the biggest issues that people residing in the villages face is the lack of sanitation. As the people in the rural areas are poor, they do not have access to permanent houses. Under this scheme, the homeless will be provided with permanent homes and sanitation services will be improved.
- Enhancing digital education systems – Most rural areas also lack the facilities for education. Each village selected under the scheme will be provided with enhanced digital benefits of education. The students will get the benefits of e-library, e-classroom, web-based teaching, and universal entree to schooling till Class X.
- Improving the overall health sector of the village – The presence of health care facilities has also been an alarming issue. All the selected villages will have strategies for improving the health care facilities. The people will get health cards, complete immunization, and free medical checkups.
- Other improved amenities – Apart from the access to improved health care facilities, shelter, and sanitation, the selected villages will also get access to improved road construction. The villagers will get pure and clean drinking water and for this, pipelines will be laid down. The rural people will get electric connections, libraries will be established and IT facilities for internet connection will also be provided.
- E-governance – The central government, under the leadership of Modi has already put emphasis on the implementation of e-governance. All the selected villages will be connected with the e-governance facilities for better control.
- Providing Aadhar card – As per the Aadhar initiative of the central government, all citizens of the nation must have access to their Unique Identification Code. Without this, people will not be able to take advantage of government schemes. All selected villages will be registered under the Aadhar scheme.
- Providing monetary security – The government has already launched many social security packages for providing insurance packages to the old and the physically challenged. All selected model villages will be brought under these schemes, like Public Distribution System and Aam Aadmi Bima Yojana. A widow pension will also be provided to the eligible candidates.
- Enhancing personal development – None of the areas can be considered developed or modeled if the people are suffering from personal vices. For bringing about enhancement in the personal lives of the people, training will be provided to come out of the drug and substance abuse and other bad habits
After Swachch Bharat Abhiyan, which was launched on 2nd Oct 2014 for a clean India, on 11th October 2014, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the “Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana” for clean and developed villages of rural India. This is a prestigious village development project, which focuses on the all-round development of villages, including economic, social, and cultural growth and development. The PM aims to cover 2,500 villages by 2019. One of the striking and unique features of this program, as the name suggests, is that here each Member of Parliament (MP ) will take up the responsibility of providing infrastructure and developing three villages by 2019. There are almost 800 MPs and if each of them adopts three villages, then nearly 2,500 villages can be covered by 2019. In the same manner, the State Governments should also create schemes and more and more villages can be covered under this.
The scheme is based on the concept of rural development of Mahatma Gandhi which revolved around creating model villages for transforming swaraj (self-rule) into su-raj (good governance). The objective is to create a holistic development of all adopted villages by the MPs in all aspects —human, personal, social, economic, and environmental development, including the provision of basic amenities, services, security, and good governance.
It is really too early to predict the success of this yojana. The erstwhile UPA Government also launched “Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana”, which aimed at the development of villages of SC communities. This one aims at the development of all rural villages with holistic development. Critically looking, 2,500 villages by 2019 means covering only 1% of the total 2,50,000 panchayats in India. This means that if we are going to take five years to develop 2,500 panchayat villages, then it will take many decades to cover an entire lot of villages of India. But no doubt it’s a good initiative and let us hope and pray that it becomes a success. According to a recent news report, the sports icon Sachin Tendulkar has already expressed his desire to adopt a village under the Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana. He will adopt the ‘Puttamraju Kandriga’ village in Potti Sriramulu, Nellore district, in Andhra Pradesh. Let’s hope more and more MPs will take part in this Yojana and make it a success.
|Name||Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana|
|Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana under which Ministry||Ministry of Rural Development|
|Launched Date||October 2014|
|Expected Completion Date||2019|
|Launched By||Mr. Narendra Modi|
|Focused Area||Rural Area|
|Official Web Site||saanjhi.gov.in/|
|Occasion Of Announcement||Birth Anniversary Of Jayaprakash Narayan|